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December 15, 2018

US- Turkey Strategic rivalry in Syria and its effects on the future of the Kurds in Syria

Karzan Omar Ali

Assistant Lecturer at College of Political Sciences – University of Sulaimani.

Journal of Political and Security Studies – Issue 2 – Vol.1

Keywords: Syrian crisis, military interventions, rivalry, Islamic State, Kurds, PYD.

https://doi.org/10.31271/jopss.10014

Abstract

This paper will focus on the influence of international forces in the Syrian conflict, illustrating and analyzing their agendas, and will try to locate where the Kurdish issue fits into the overlapping motivations and strategies of international actors. Furthermore, it will also analyze how the Kurds have responded to Turkish and US interventions into the conflict. The researcher reached conclusions that without setting common ground and mutual understanding among the influential powers whose armies and policies involved in the war, there would be no stopping bloodshed in Syria. Concerning the Kurdish future, the Kurds cannot gain any advantage from the conflict without being cooperated and assisted by the west, especially the United States while they are facing the threats of the regional powers. That is why they need to align their interests according to the western interests. If they do not, their future will remain uncertain and unstable in the region.

پوختەى توێژینەوە:

کێبڕکێى ستراتیجى نێوان وڵاتە یەکگرتووەکان و تورکیا لە سوریا و کاریگەرى لەسەر ئایندەى کورد لە سوریا

ئەم توێژینەوەیە جەخت دەخاتە سەر كاریگەری هێزە نێودەوڵەتیەكان لەململانێی سوریادا، ئەجێندای ئەو هێزانە پیشاندەدات و شیكردنەوەیان بۆ دەكات، هەروەها هەوڵدەدات كێشەی كورد لەپێگەیەكدا ببینێت كە گونجاوبێت بەگوێرەی پاڵنەرەكان و ستراتیژی ئەكتەرە نێودەوڵەتیەكان. زیاتر لەوەش، توێژینەوەكە كاردانەوەی كورد بەرامبەر تەداخولی سەربازی ئەمریكا و توركیا لە قەیرانی سوریادا شرۆڤە دەكات. توێژەر گەیشتوەتە ئەو دەرەنجامەی كە بەبێ زەمینەیەكی لەبار و تێگەیشتنێكی هاوبەش لەنێوانی هێزە دەرەكیە كاریگەرەكان كە سوپاكانیان و سیاسەتیان لەجەنگی سوریاوە تێوەگلاوە، خوێن ڕشتن لەسووریا كۆتایی پێنایەت. سەبارەت بە داهاتووی كورد، كوردەكان ناتوانن هیچ دەستكەوتێك بەدەستبهێنن لە قەیرانی سوریا بەبێ هاریكاری ڕۆژئاوا، بەتایبەت لەلایەن ولایەتە یەكگرتوەكانی ئەمریكا كە لەكاتێكدا ئەوان ڕووبەڕووی هەڕەشەی هێزە هەرێمیەكان دەبنەوە. لەبەرئەوە بۆ ئەوان پێویستە كە بەرژەوەندیەكانی خۆیان بەگوێرەی بەرژەوەندیەكانی ڕۆژئاوا بگونجێنن، ئەگەر ئەوە نەكەن، داهاتوویان بە ناجێگیری و نادیاری دەمێنێتەوە.

ملخص البحث:

التنافس الاستراتيجي بين الولايات المتحدة وتركيا في سوريا وتأثیره في مستقبل الكورد في سوريا

تركز هذه الدراسة على تأثير القوى الدولية في الصراع السوري، وتوضح وتحلل أجنداتها ، وستحاول تحديد مكان تناسب القضية الكوردية في الدوافع والاستراتيجيات المتداخلة للأطراف الدولية. علاوة على ذلك، ستحلل أيضًا كيف استجاب الكورد للتدخلات التركية والأمريكية في الصراع. وقد وصل البحث إلى استنتاجات مفادها أنه بدون وضع أرضية مشتركة والتفاهم المتبادل بين القوى المؤثرة التي قد تكون جيوشها وسياساتها متورطة في الحرب، لن يكون هناك وقف لإراقة الدماء في سوريا. وفيما يتعلق بمستقبل الكورد، لا يمكن للكورد الاستفادة من الصراع دون التعاون والمساعدة من الغرب، ولا سیما الولايات المتحدة، بينما هم يواجهون تهديدات القوى الإقليمية. هذا هو السبب في أنهم بحاجة إلى تنسيق مصالحهم وفقا للمصالح الغربية. وإذا لم يفعلوا ذلك، فإن مستقبلهم سيظل غير مؤكد وغير مستقر في المنطقة.

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